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2012, Cilt 2, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 100-105
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2012.038
The Impacts of Bologna Process on European Higher Education Systems
Zafer ÇELİK
Ministry of National Education, Board of Education, Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Bologna process, Higher education, Hyper-bureaucracy, Quality assurance system, National qualification framework

This study aims to examine the impact of Bologna Process on European higher education systems. It focuses on the influences of the main components of Bologna Process (i.e., implementing two-cycle system, increasing the student and academic staffs' mobility, European Credit Transfer System, quality assurance and qualification framework) on the transformation of higher education systems. Although Bologna Process is perceived as a move to increase the quality of higher education system in Turkey, there are very serious criticisms from academics, students, and businessmen to the Bologna Process in various European countries. This study claims that the Process did not achieve its goals, more importantly the main instruments of the Process (qualifications, quality assurance agency etc.) brought about hyper-bureaucratization, hierarchization and standardization of European higher education systems.

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