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2015, Cilt 5, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 001-013
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2015.104
Changes in the Field of Education and Teaching of Law: An Investigation of Programs Developed Based on Bologna Process
Yüksel KAVAK1, S. Sadi SEFEROĞLU2, Kübra ATALAY KABASAKAL1, Zeynep ŞEN1, Gonca ULUDAĞ3
1Hacettepe University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
2Hacettepe University, Faculty of Education, Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology, Ankara, Turkey
3Hacettepe University, Faculty of Education, Department of Elementary Education, Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Bologna process, Higher education, Law teaching, Life-long learning, Online instruction

The changes in the society change people's expectations from individuals and correspondingly expectations from educational institutions. Accordingly, different implementations are observed. One of the implementations is the Bologna process which is a reform process, aimed at establishing the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Developing programs as part of the Bologna process is important because it both contributes to the efforts to be a part of global world in a rapidly growing world, and to the quality assurance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the curriculum developed in Bologna process in the faculties of law in Turkish universities. The survey model has been used in this research which is a descriptive study. As part of data collection faculties of law from 72 universities, including 28 state and 44 private universities were selected. Program packages and course catalogs of those faculties, accessed through their web sites were examined. In addition, five law faculties, which admit students with the highest scores according to the Student Selection and Placement System's results, were selected for detailed investigation. Curriculums packages and five core courses, which are common in the five faculties, were evaluated based on instructional methods and techniques, and evaluation system used and ECTS workload calculations. Results indicated that, in approximately half of the institutions packages examined, information about the program goals, key learning outcomes and occupational profiles of graduates were not available in the web pages of related institutions, contrary to the Bologna process' notion. It is also understood that the object of the law curriculum is to help graduates gain both professional and personal characteristics. On the other hand curriculum qualifications such as the level of knowledge, ability and learning outcomes are being specified based on the learning outcomes specified by National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education in Turkey. In course catalogs of the four courses which are common in the five faculties, some of the terms used were not found to be appropriate with educational science terminology. In addition, it is also observed that the most commonly used method in courses is ‘lecturing' and assessment methods consist of ‘midterm and final exams. In accordance with the research results, it could be concluded that issues related to accreditation and curriculum development in law faculties need to be given more attention. It could also be emphasized that collaboration among educational science specialists and law specialists need to be established in developing curriculum and improving instruction.

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