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2015, Cilt 5, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 148-155
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2015.117
Investigation of Professors’ Opinions about ‘Scientist, Academic and Scholar’ Concepts According to Gender
Çiğdem APAYDIN, Mualla AKSU, Gamze KASALAK
Akdeniz University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Administration, Supervision, Planning and Economics Antalya, Turkey
Keywords: Professor, Academic, Faculty, Scientist, Scholar, Gender

Purpose of this study is to determine how university professors evaluate the concepts of ‘scientist, academic and scholar’ according to gender, which one they use to describe themselves and why they prefer to use it. As a qualitative research model was employed in this study which was designed. Data were collected via interviews. A total of 22 faculty members (11 female, 11 male) from A University with görevprofessor title have participated the study. While determining the participants, gender equality and having Professor Doctor title were used as the two basic criteria. The reasons of including faculty members with professor title were; their existence in the academic hierarchy for a long time and their extensive experience and observations since they went through this process together with their colleagues. In this study, easily accessible sampling, which is one of the purposive sampling methods, was used as the sampling technique. Seven of the participants were working on Social Sciences; twelve of them were from Physical Sciences, whereas three of them were working on Health Science area. In average, overall seniority of the participants was 27 years, whereas their professional history at the university was 23 years. Participants’ career at A University was 15 years in average. Content analysis had been used in data analysis. According to the findings of the research, the majority of male and female professors see a difference between ‘scientist’ and ‘academic’. According to female professors, the main difference between scientist and academic is, ‘academics are specific to the university’. This is followed by ‘scientist can work in every environment’. According to male professors, the educator role of academic and his detaching himself from the events is the rationale of the distinction from the ‘scientist’ concept. For both male and female professors, ‘scientist’ has a more universal meaning, whereas ‘academic’ is restricted with the university. Female professors describe themselves as ‘scientist’ and ‘academic’ like male professors. None of the professors associate these concepts with gender.

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