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2016, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 142-150
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2016.151
Paradigm Shift in Distance Education in the 21st Century
Mehmet FIRAT
Anadolu University, Open Education Faculty, Department of Distance Education, Eskişehir, Turkey
Keywords: Distance education, 21st Century skills, Paradigm shift, Academic discipline

Information and communication technologies have been one of a driving force which enables higher education expansion and gives a dynamic structure to the science in the twenty-first century. One of the most effective users of this driving force in higher education is distance education. Previously, distance education was considered to be as a method to ensure equality of opportunity in education, and partly to meet the educational needs of citizens in limited circumstances; today it has undergone an incontrovertible paradigm shift by transforming into an interdisciplinary science field with its functional flexibility, strong technology infrastructure, diversity of programs, innovative teaching approaches and rapidly increasing student numbers. In this study, it is aimed to reveal this paradigm shift with a historical point of view, and the information technology supported rise and paradigm shift of distance education is evaluated by a holistic perspective from different point of views of different perspectives from the studies in literature to the current research topics.

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