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2016, Cilt 6, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 317-325
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2016.168
An Examination of the Opinions of the University Students About Feminism and Gender Roles
Ayşegül UNUTKAN1, Sultan GÜÇLÜ2, Emel ELEM1, Safiye YILMAZ3
1Dumlupınar University, Kütahya School of Health, Department of Midwifery, Kütahya, Turkey
2Dumlupınar University, Kütahya School of Health, Department of Nursing, Kütahya, Turkey
3Mersin Private Orta Doğu Hospital, Newborn Intensive Care Unit, Mersin, Turkey
Keywords: Feminism, Gender, Gender discrimination, University students, Education

Gender discrimination adversely affected women in all areas of social life, especially in the fields of education, work, marriage and family life. Feminism has emerged to draw attention to the these impacts of gender discrimination and to reduce it's negative consequences. Social transformation is necessary to ensure gender justice. One of the important steps for achieving this transformation is to educate the youth and increase their awareness. This study was conducted with the aim to determine Dumlupinar University, School of Health students' opinions on feminism and gender roles. The population of this study consists of 1293 students. Sample is comprised of 846 students who accepted to enrolled in the study. Data have been collected with using a questionnaire and assessed with percentiles, Kruskal-Walls and Mann-Whitney U-Tests. 43.3% of students defined feminism as “a style of thought that advocates women are more superior than men” and 31.9% of them as “a style of thought that advocates the equity of social opportunity”. It was identified that male students have more traditional opinions on gender roles related to work, social, marriage and family life. This study has revealed that male students have more conventional opinions in the fields of in working and married life, while the male and female students have egalatirian opinions in the propositions about social life and family life. Besides, the results of the study have revealed that opinions of students on gender roles related to work, social, marriage and family life exhibit statistically significant differences among the departments for all of the statements given. It was observed that midwifery students have more egalitarian views. Also, it was determined that upper class students have more egalitarian opinions. As a result of our study, it has been seen that university students still have a traditional perspective on social gender roles. According to the results of the questionnaire we can state that the youth do not understand feminism with all its aspects and digest it. Therefore, the awareness of the university students about feminism and gender should be increased. It is also considered to be useful the creation of student groups advocating gender equity in universities.

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