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2017, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 163-166
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2017.194
What is Technology? A Philosophical Approach
Durmuş GÜNAY
Maltepe University, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Department of Industrial Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey
Keywords: Technology, Philosophy of technology, Technique

The aim of this study is to shed light on the meaning of technology. The answer to the question of what role(s) technology has in developing a technological product will be addressed. Since Aristoteles, there are four main causes (causa materialis, causa formalis, causa finalis, and causa efficiens) in philosophy of one’s existence. In order to explain the relationship between these four causes that lead to one’s existence, the place of technology between the existing form and its material and the role of technology will be shown through the use of a simple formula suggested by the author. Along the same lines, the meaning of technology will be illuminated, as well. The relationship between the Turkish terms “meydana çıkarmak” (bringing into appearance), “meydana getirmek” (bringing into existence), and “keşfetmek” (to discover) will be established in the light of the relationship between the Greek terms “aletheia” and “techne” (technique) both meaning “bringing into appearance” and the English term to “discover” (to unveil). The similarity between “meydana getirmek” and “meydana çıkar(t)mak” with focus on the term “meydan” (arena) will be addressed. The convenience of the conceptual content of Turkish terminology for indulging in philosophy will also be highlighted. In addition Heidegger’s approach towards technology will be criticized. Lastly, how the meaning of technology is made explicit with the term “bringing into appearance” will be discussed.

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