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2017, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 185-191
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2017.197
Zonguldak Mining Operation (Başçavuş) School in the History of Higher Education (1937-1940)
Hasan ÖZER1, Kamuran KARABALIK2
1Bülent Ecevit University, Faculty of Art and Science, Department of Turkish Language and Literature, Zonguldak, Turkey
2Bülent Ecevit University, Faculty of Art and Science, Department of History, Zonguldak, Turkey
Keywords: Zonguldak basin, History of higher education, High School of Mining Engineering, Zonguldak Mining Operation School, The first five-year development plan

A need for qualified staff to work in mines has emerged due to increasing energy demand worldwide and the discovery of coal mines in Zonguldak Basin within Turkey. To eliminate this need, High School of Mining Engineering (1924-1931) was opened in Zonguldak in the first place. In 1931, this school was closed because educating more students would lead to unemployment. In 1937, Mining Operation (Başçavuş) School was opened in Zonguldak within the framework of the First Five-Year Development Plan. The main purpose of Mining Operation School was to educate secondary sergeants, master sergeants, surveying engineers, and experts to work in mines. Three-year education was offered by the school, and the need for qualified staff in mines was eliminated to a considerable extent. After offering education for three years, the school was also closed in 1940. The main purpose of the present study is to dwell on the three-year education period of Mining Operation (Başçavuş) School (1937-1940) within Turkish higher education system.

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