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2018, Cilt 8, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 480-487
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2018.289
Effective Factors in the Career Choice of Nursing Students
Namik Kemal University, School of Health, Department of Nursing, Tekirdağ, Turkey
Keywords: Nursing, Nursing students, Career choice

The aim of the study is to determine the factors affecting career choice of the nursing students. This descriptive study was carried out with 208 nursing students at Namık Kemal University. Data were collected through the use of Turkish version of the Vocational Choices in Entering Nursing Scale, and the student introduction form. 83.2% of the students are females. 69.7% of the students said that they chose nursing with their own will and 10.6% declared that they want to change their career. It was found that vocational congruency subscale score mean was 62.91±16.23 and survival motivation subscale score mean was 45.17±17.10. The item ‘I always wanted to help people’ had the highest point score (84,03±18,39) among all items; the item ‘I can’t do anything other than nursing’ had the lowest point score (20.19±24.92) among all items. It was determined that there was a significant difference between vocational congruency subscale mean points of the students according to the presence of someone in need of care in the family, choosing nursing with desire, wanting to continue the nursing career, being happy as a nurse, believing that he/she is a good nurse(p<0.05). Moreover, there was a significant difference between the mean scores of survival motivation subscale according to the students’ satisfaction about nursing income (p<0.05). These results showed that both vocational congruency and survival motivation are influential in the nursing career preference of students. However, it can be said that vocational congruency is a priority over survival motivation.

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