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2019, Cilt 9, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 460-473
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2019.346
A Research on the Socio-Economic Status of Students Enrolled at State Universities: Sample of Şırnak University
Filiz GÖLPEK1, Kamuran YILDIZ2
1Hasan Kalyoncu University, Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Gaziantep, Turkey
2Şırnak University, Silopi Vocational School, Department of Finance, Banking and Insurance, Şırnak, Turkey
Keywords: Higher education, Socio-economic status, Educational costs, Equal opportunities

This research aims to determine the socio-economic status of the students enrolled at Şırnak University during the 2016-2017 academic year. For this purpose, a two-part questionnaire was implemented to 597 students selected from 2696 students with convenience sampling method to determine the social and economic situation and the data was evaluated. The income and expenditure data concerning the economic situation were denominated in Turkish Liras ( ) according to 2017 prices and SPSS 24 package program was used to analyse the data. According to social data, the majority of the students (1388 students) enrolled at the vocational schools are male (51.6%) and are over 21 (40.9%). These students consist of the multi-child families with 7 or 8 siblings (26.5%), parents with low education level compared to 2017 data across Turkey, children of self-employed fathers (22.4%), having housewife mothers (90%) or those of one or two individuals working in the family (the father or one of the siblings) and covering home expenses. Most of them graduated from public secondary education institutions (97%), wanted to study for a good income and at a university for their future (60.5%) and for this purpose, preferred education-teaching programs (26.8%) and engineering programs (26.1%) and for the first time took the exam (49.7%) and got into their 6th and following preferences (40%). According to economic data, the families of the majority of the students (46%) having the minimum wage of 1404 and below in 2017 bore the preparation expenses (88.1%) for their children and spent the maximum expenses (1000-2000 annually) on private preparatory teaching institutions (15.9%). At higher education level, the majority of the students spent a little more than the minimum wage (1800 = 300 x 6 months) per year for private expenditures. While this data clearly shows that the low socio-economic status has the theoretical characteristics, the majority of the students living in Şırnak province (76%) explains the reason for the province’s being 81st province in the 2016 Transition to Higher Education Examination regarding the success ranking. According to this, it can be stated that students enrolled at Şırnak University are from families with low socio-economic status.

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