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2020, Cilt 10, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 126-133
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2020.374
Adapting the Organizational Culture Assesment Instrument to Turkish: Validity and Reliability Study
Mehmet Fatih KÖSE1, Mehmet KORKMAZ2
1Ministry of Youth and Sports, General Directorate of Education Research Coordination, Ankara, Turkey
2Gazi University, Gazi Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Organizational culture, Higher education, Organizational culture in universities

This study seeks to adapt the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument to Turkish and to assess whether its psychometric properties are suitable for use in higher educational institutions. Since the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument is heavily used in the international higher education literature, evaluating whether the psychometric properties of this scale are appropriate for a Turkish cultural context has increased in importance. This importance is further compounded when one considers that competition in higher education has taken on a global and intercultural dimension and that the internationalization of higher education has witnessed a rapid increase in recent years. Despite this scale’s extensive use within Turkish literature on higher education, no study testing its validity was found. The study group consisted of 417 academic personnel employed in Turkish state and foundation universities. The study’s findings revealed that three types of organizational cultures existed in universities: innovative team culture, competitive culture, and hierarchal culture. A CFA confirmed that the three-factor model of the scale exhibited acceptable fit. Both the scale’s discriminatory power and the internal reliability values for its sub-factors were found to be high. The study’s findings present strong evidence indicating that the Organizational Culture Evaluation Scale constitutes a valid and reliable measurement tool for assessing organizational culture in universities.

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