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2020, Cilt 10, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 451-460
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2020.405
Ranking of Universities Ranking Indicators by Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP)
Nuray TOSUNOĞLU1, Ayşen APAYDIN2
1Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of International Trade and Finance, Ankara, Turkey
2Ankara University Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department of Actuarial Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Ranking universities, Ranking indicators, URAP, Fuzzy AHP

Ranking universities by their academic performance is important all over the world. The purpose of ranking is to rank universities according to specific indicators and to help determine the potential areas of progress for universities. Different institutions around the world use various indicators in university ranking. The five main indicators used by University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP) are the number of articles, the number of citations, the total number of scientific documents, the rate of doctoral students and the number of students per faculty member. The main problem of this study is to investigate which of these indicators are considered more important and how the indicators will be ranked according to their significance. Multi-criteria decision making methods are used to determine the order of importance by comparing indicators with each other. The aim of this study is to determine the significance of these five main indicators by fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP). The decision makers of the study are academicians. The evaluations were obtained with the help of a questionnaire containing the comparison matrix suitable for the fuzzy AHP. According to the results obtained from fuzzy AHP, the most important indicator for decision makers has been found to be the total number of scientific documents. The importance of ranking results has been discussed in terms of institutions and universities that perform university rankings.

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