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2020, Cilt 10, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 504-515
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DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2020.410
Adaptation Scale of International Students to Higher Education: Validity and Reliability Study Adaptation Scale of Higher Education
İsmail KARAKUŞ, Cenk AKAY
Mersin University, Faculty of Education Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Mersin, Turkey
Keywords: International student, Adaptation to higher education, Scale development

The aim of this study is to develop a valid and reliable measurement scale in order to determine the adaptation of international students in higher education. Accordingly, the draft scale was applied to 458 international students studying at a public university. With the obtained data, item-total correlation, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and Cronbach-alpha reliability analysis were performed. As a result of item and factor analysis, a scale consisting of 21 items with 4 factors emerged. The total variance explained by the scale factors was found to be 62.875%. As a result of confirmatory factor analysis, the model was found to be compatible with the data, and the scale was in a valid structure. The Cronbach-alpha internal consistency coefficient of the scale was found to be .88. As a result of the analyzes conducted, a 5-point Likert-type ‘international students’ adaptation to higher education scale’ was developed. According to the findings, it was determined that the scale is a valid and reliable measurement tool.

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